Deadly tick borne disease Babesia Canis reported in Essex
What is Babesiosis?
Babesiosis in dogs is an infection caused by the single-celled parasite Babesia. This parasite infects red blood cells, both directly damaging the cells but also causing the body's own immune cells to attack red blood cells. This leads to anaemia which can be life threatening.
How is it transmitted?
The main mode of transmission is through tick bites. A tick typically needs to be attached to a dog for 24-48 hours to successfully transmit the disease. Until recently, ticks in the UK were very unlikely to be carrying Babesia.
What are the symptoms of Babesiosis?
The symptoms of infection relate to the destruction of red blood cells. They can be non-specific and vary widely from dog to dog. The main symptoms are: lethargy, weakness, pale gums, jaundice, red/brown urine and fever. Diagnosis is made by examining the blood under the microscope or using specialised genetic tests to detect the parasites presence.
How can it be treated?
Treatment is focused on killing the parasite and stopping the body's immune system from destroying more red blood cells. Dogs may need to be hospitalised to give them supportive care and close monitoring and in sever cases, may need blood transfusions. It can be fatal if left untreated.
How can it be prevented?
There are no vaccines for Babesiosis available in the UK. Prevention is based on routine use of anti-tick medication and being vigilant and removing ticks from the coat as soon as they are seen. Please speak to your vet regarding our current recommendations for tick prevention. Particular care should be taken if your pet is travelling outside the UK, however one dog has died and several have been taken seriously ill in Harlow, Essex after contracting canine babesiosis, despite them not travelling abroad.
This has caused much concern to dog owners and our immediate advice is to emphasise that it is even more important that dogs are given monthly tick protection.
More information from BBC Website